See Article History Alternative Title: Edward Gough Whitlam Gough Whitlam, in full Edward Gough Whitlam, born July 11,Kew, Victoria, Australia—died October 21,SydneyNew South WalesAustraliaAustralian politician and lawyer who introduced a number of policy measures and social reforms as prime minister of Australia —75but his troubled administration was cut short when he was dismissed by the governor-general.
He was able to use the size of the budget deficit that the Hawke Government inherited to question the economic credibility of the Liberal—National Coalition. That the deficit had significantly increased in the lead up to the election had not been disclosed in pre-election documents released by the Fraser government.
Through the power given to him, Keating was often able to bypass the Cabinet altogether, notably in exercising monetary policy, and he was regularly referred to as "the most powerful Treasurer in modern times".
Although Keating was able to win the support of a reluctant Cabinet, Hawke believed that the opposition from the public, the ACTU, and the business community would be too great.
He therefore decided to abandon any plans for a consumption tax, although the remainder of the reforms were adopted in the tax reform package.
The loss of the consumption tax was seen a bitter defeat for Keating; he later joked about it at a press conference, saying, "It's a bit like Ben Hur. We've crossed the line with one wheel off, but we have crossed the line. Inthe Hawke Labor Government gradually began re-introducing fees for university study.
A student could defer payment of this HECS amount in which case it was called a HECS debt and repay the debt through the tax system, when the student's income exceeds a threshold level.
As part of the reforms, Colleges of Advanced Education entered the University sector by various means.
The HECS system was accepted by both federal political parties and has survived until today, though with a number of changes. Keating's tenure as Treasurer was often criticised for high interest rates and the s recession, which Keating referred to in an interview as " the recession Australia had to have".
It is often said that the Bank was too slow in easing monetary policy, and that this ultimately led to a recession. In private, Keating had argued for rates to rise earlier than they did, and fall sooner, although his view was at odds with the Reserve Bank and his Treasury colleagues.
Claiming that the recession was something Australia "had to have" was referred to by Paul Kelly as "perhaps the most stupid remark of Keating's career, and it nearly cost him the Prime Ministership.
It is worth noting that the Keating economic reforms of this period created the economic platform of what is now an international record of an unbroken period of growth exceeding 27 years.
Thus " the recession Australia had to have" is the last recession Australia has ever had as at Dec Kirribilli Agreement ; Australian Labor Party leadership spill, June ; and Australian Labor Party leadership spill, December Hawke led Labor to a third consecutive victory in the electionbut by his fifth anniversary as prime minister a year later, he had begun to suffer from poor opinion polling.
It was at this time that Keating privately began to put pressure on Hawke to stand down in his favour as soon as possible.
The two men eventually met at Kirribilli House later that year to discuss the handover of the leadership to Keating. Eventually, Hawke agreed in front of two witnesses that he would resign in Keating's favour a short time after the electionwhich he convinced Keating he could win.
However, Keating quickly became dissatisfied with the lack of any indication from Hawke as to when he might stand down, and subsequently made a number of provocative speeches questioning the direction of the government.
This caused tensions between the two men to grow very quickly, and Hawke told Keating that he would renege on the deal on the basis that Keating had been publicly disloyal.Gough Whitlam topic. Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC (11 July – 21 October ) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from to The Leader of the Labor Party from to , Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the election.
Home > Australia's PMs > Gough Whitlam. Gough Whitlam. Gough Whitlam became Australia’s 21st Prime Minister on 5 December His Labor government, the first after more than two decades, set out to change Australia through a .
Edward Gough Whitlam, Australia’s 21 st and greatest reforming Prime Minister, was dead.
Newspapers were turned over to almost complete coverage,not only of the fact that the former PM had died, but with coverage of the extraordinary series of changes he made to life and living in Australia in a short three years in office more than 40 years.
Arguably one of Australia’s most controversial Prime Ministers, Gough Whitlam was responsible for a lot of changes; universal health care, free university, legal aid programs and abolishment of military conscription are all things he led the country through.
Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC (/ ˈ ɡ ɒ f ˈ w ɪ t l əm /; 11 July – 21 October ) was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from to The Leader of the Labor Party from to , Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the srmvision.comcal party: Labor.
Keating was a backbencher for most of the Whitlam government, although he was appointed Minister for Northern Australia in October , serving until the government was controversially dismissed by Governor-General John Kerr the following month.