Instead of treating Ebonics as a lazy form of English, it would be recognized as a legitimate form of language in its own right, with patterns and systematicity equal to those of Standard English. Students who speak Ebonics at home would not be required to learn Standard English seemingly by osmosis, but rather would be taught the specifics of the standard dialect explicitly.
Nichols asserts the rights of language minority students, implying that students for whom English is not native define that group. December 18, Oakland, California school board passes a resolution defining Ebonics as the native language of 28, African American students within that school district.
The media in reporting the continuing dialogue surrounding this issue were largely unaware of this distinction interminology, leading to more confusion in the ensuing months. January 15, At a special meeting of the Oakland school board, a revised version of the controversial resolutions was passed.
This is significant in that it more closely aligns the position of Oakland with that issued by linguists at LSA. January 16, Texas calls for additional research and information to resolve educational problems confronting African American students.
January 23, Representative Maxine Waters D. January 23, The hearing shifts to comments from Oakland educators and an Oakland high school senior of considerable academic distinction.
January 23, The next speakers are an African American minister, a conservative African American radio talk show host both of whom were highly critical of Ebonics January 23, Four scholars speak before the Senate, including Michael Casserly, Executive director of the Council of the Great City Schools, Orlando Taylor, dean of Graduate studies at Howard University, William Labov, internationally acclaimed leader in the field of sociolinguistics, and Robert L.
January 23, The Senate hearing end with Senator Specter stating that he fully expected to convene one or more hearings with other witnesses who had not yet had an opportunity to testify.
In the end, no such hearings were convened. There were many examples of racist reactions and political satire which followed the hearings, and Ebonics continues to be a topic under national discussion. However, as media attention began to diminish after the hearings, so too did the political fireworks that had been ignited.
To this day, the Senate hearings have not been reconvened, and no new legislation has been passed to significantly address the problems facing African American students in schools today.
One might argue as I have that current classifications are too restrictive Baughor one might argue as Oakland did that African Americans, by way of their Ebonic linguistic inheritance, already meet existing criteria for LEP. Neither approach has made any real headway because the prevailing political climate is such that most citizens link standard English to intelligence and personal discipline.
Oxford University Press, Additional Resources: The conference was convened as a platform for national scholars to articulate their views about what the United States must do in order to meet the academic needs of African American and other students, with respect to language variation.
Prior to his tenure at Stanford, Dr.
His work bridges theoretical and applied linguistics, with particular attention to matters of policy and social equity in the fields of education, medicine, and the law. He has conducted extensive research regarding the social stratification of linguistic diversity within the U.
Baugh is a past president of the American Dialect Society and a member of the usage advisory committee for the American Heritage English Dictionary. He has also served as consultant on several documentary films related to American language and as an expert witness in court cases where matters of voice recognition and language attitudes have been central.
Baugh received his B.The Ebonics Controversey What is the controversy over Ebonics about? The Internet offers diverse views on the Ebonics topic.
Ebonics entered the lime light in December of The television and news media have made the issue unclear and have left many people . The Ebonics Controversy in my Backyard This article talks about Ebonics and Code-Switching, It explains what happened when the Ebonics controversy broke .
That all changed with the 'Ebonics' controversy of December when the Oakland (CA) School Board recognized it as the 'primary' language of its majority African American students and resolved to take it into account in teaching them standard or academic English.
Ebonics Notes and Discussion. This is the first thing I wrote on the Ebonics issue after the Oakland School Board resolution of December The term Ebonics, coined by the author in at a conference on the language of Black children, was formed by combining ebony (black) and phonics (speech sounds).Two schools of thought on the origin of Ebonics are presented: (a) pidgin/Creole and (b) African retention.
What sparked the national controversy on Ebonics was the Oakland school board's decision to recognize Ebonics as a. Oakland Ebonics resolution On December 18, , the Oakland Unified School District school board of Oakland, California, United States, passed a controversial resolution recognizing the legitimacy of Ebonics – what mainstream linguists more commonly term African American English (AAE) – as an African language.