Hi Luke, So I said: How do you move from the bare possibility to the claim of actuality? Even Christian apologists accept that when a natural explanation is good enough, we need not tack on a magical explanation behind it. But your claim is that the correct explanation is the natural explanation.
See Article History Alternative Title: Based on legends that date back to the 5th century, the Donation was composed by an unknown writer in the 8th century. Although it had only limited impact at the time of its compilationit had great influence on political and religious affairs in medieval Europe until it was clearly demonstrated to be a forgery by Lorenzo Valla in the 15th century.
Donation of ConstantineFresco showing Sylvester left receiving the purported donation from Constantine right13th century; in Santi Quattro Coronati, Rome. The origins of the Donation of Constantine are bound up with the political transformation that took place on the Italian peninsula in the mid-8th century, even though the exact date of its composition remains uncertain estimates range from to The document has been associated with the coronations of Pippin in and Charlemagne inas well as with papal efforts to secure independence from the Byzantine Empire or to undermine Byzantine territorial claims in Italy.
The consensus view is that the Donation was written in the s or s by a cleric of the Lateran in Rome, possibly with the knowledge of Pope Stephen II or III; — if the earlier date is correct. The Donation was based on the Legenda S. It begins with the tale of the conversion of Constantine to Christianity after Sylvester I miraculously cured him of leprosy.
Constantine then declares the importance of Rome to the church because it is the city of the apostles Peter and Paul.
The second section of the forgery contains the actual donation: He next grants administrative rights to Sylvester and his successors over estates granted to churches throughout the empire.
Most importantly, Constantine gives the pope control of the imperial palace in Rome and all the regions of the Western Empire; this effectively conveys the notion that the pope has the right to appoint secular rulers in the West.
The earliest extant manuscript of the Donation, from the 9th century, was inserted into the collection known as the False Decretals. Leo IX —54 was the first pope to cite it as an authority in an official act, and subsequent popes used it in their struggles with the Holy Roman emperors and other secular leaders.
Doubts about the document, however, were voiced about the year by Otto III and his supporters. In Lorenzo Valla showed that the Latin used in the document was not that of the 4th century.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:encouraged by the Greek adventurer Constantine Phaulkon, who became his chief minister and srmvision.com diplomatic missions were sent to King Louis XIV of France in , , and ; and, encouraged by Phaulkon to hope for territorial concessions and even Narai’s conversion to Christianity, the French sent increasingly large.
The famous Temple of Apollo at Patara was destroyed, possibly by St Nicholas, a bishop now better known as Santa Claus. Certainly he, like many other bishops, was a keen destroyer of other people's holy places in the area. Throughout his life, Constantine was prone to supernatural encounters.
But in , a dream he had before the Battle of Milvian Bridge changed his life. Chapter 1. A Comparison of Constantine's Piety with the Wickedness of the Persecutors.
In this manner that spirit who is the hater of good, actuated by envy at the blessing enjoyed by the Church, continued to raise against her the stormy troubles of intestine discord, in the midst of a period of. This defense of Constantine and his effect on Christianity does not seem entirely honest or a valid response to the criticism of the role he played in Christianity’s history.
Constantine and his effect on Christianity When we look back at Christianity over the years, there are several people who are remembered for their impact on the .