According to research, cocaine impairs immune cell function and promotes reproduction of the HIV virus. Research also suggests that people who use cocaine and are infected with HIV may be more susceptible to contracting other viruses, such as hepatitis C, a virus that affects the liver. In addition, people report irritability and restlessness from cocaine binges, and some also experience severe paranoia, in which they lose touch with reality and have auditory hallucinations—hearing noises that aren't real. Can a person overdose on cocaine?
It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers.
AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV. HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person.
It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth. The first signs of HIV infection may be swollen glands and flu-like symptoms.
These may come and go within two to four weeks.
Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later. A blood test can tell if you have HIV infection. Your health care provider can do the test, or you can use a home testing kit. There is no cure, but there are many medicines that fight HIV infection and lower the risk of infecting others.
People who get early treatment can live with the disease for a long time. Strategies to reduce the risk of HIV infection include not having sex, limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex.
People who are at high risk may take HIV prevention medicines.South African facts at your fingertips up-to-date information on the country's economy, population, geography, climate, languages and more.
Selected Journal Articles on HIV/AIDS To search this page, type "Ctrl+F" on a PC or "Command+F" on a Mac and enter a keyword or phrase Starred items indicate research conducted by VA scientists, funded by the VA, or involving VA patients.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that most likely mutated decades ago from a virus that infected chimpanzees to one that infects humans. It began to spread beyond the African continent in the late s and is now endemic worldwide.
Learn more about the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP). The Hiv Aids page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Following initial infection, a person may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms.