The intellectual life of the first half of the sixteenth century was dominated by the Dutch humanist, Desiderius Erasmus ? Although born in Rotterdam, he passed most of his long life elsewhere - in Germany, France, England, Italy, and especially Switzerland.
Byzantium, later known as Constantinople and more recently as Istanbul, was the gateway between Asia and Europe. As a consequence of its location, Byzantine art evolved as a cultural mix of styles from the east and west.
Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire after the conversion of Constantine and it was the duty of the Emperor to unite the faith across the empire by bringing the various heretical groups into line and standardizing Christian teaching.
Therefore the form of Byzantine art was strictly controlled to eliminate any personalized or unorthodox interpretation of its imagery. Its fixed conventions were a reflection of the unalterable nature of Christian teaching. The three main forms of Byzantine art were the large scale mosaics used to decorate the walls and interior domes of Byzantine churches, the smaller scale religious icons which were portable panel paintings of Christ and the Blessed Virgin, and the illuminated manuscripts from the Gospels and other religious texts.
Byzantine figures were stylized in a frontal and symbolic format, inviting spiritual worship and offering protection to the devout.The Italian Renaissance followed on the heels of the Middle Ages, and was spawned by the birth of the philosophy of humanism, which emphasized the importance of individual achievement in a wide range of fields.
The early humanists, such as writer Francesco Petrarch, studied the works of the ancient. The Renaissance was a cultural and scholarly movement which stressed the rediscovery and application of texts and thought from classical antiquity, occurring in Europe c.
The Renaissance can also refer to the period of European history spanning roughly the same dates. It's. Experience the New Renaissance Columbus Westerville hotel. Whether you are traveling to Columbus for work or for fun, the new Renaissance Columbus Westerville-Polaris hotel is the ready to help you create lasting memories.
Our Western Art Timeline from gives an explanation of the most important artists, movements and styles of painting from Byzantine Art to the High Renaissance. The Industrial Revolution did not occur in Britain merely because Britain had the most advanced technology, but because this technology was situated in a country with a secure financial system, global trade networks, lots of raw materials, including coal, a relatively stable political system with the capacity to direct economic development, and a skilled workforce augmented by skilled foreign.
Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance [Cary D. Wintz, Paul Finkelm] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
From the music of Louis Armstrong to the portraits by Beauford Delaney, the writings of Langston Hughes to the debut of the musical Show Boat.